English version
Výskum integrovaných technológií výroby motorových palív druhej generácie z biokvapalín (APVV)

Research of second generation biofuels production technology (APVV)
Project aims and objectives

The project is intended to develop upgrading of bio-oils from fast pyrolysis and Hydro Thermal Upgrading (HTU) that, following appropriate treatments of the products, would enable their use as liquid fuels for transportation.

The subject of the project is also the development and testing of the catalyst for aldol condensation of biooil oxygenates and catalytical elimination of oxygenates and their transformation to hydrocarbons.

The second generation of biofuels should preferably use the waste materials. Products will be fully compatible with existing fuels from oil, thus eliminating storage and logistical problems. In principle, more technological procedures are examinating, taking into account the automotive strategy, logistics, transport, raw materials, CO2 savings, compatibility with existing fuels and the possibility of integration with existing refinery technologies.

Suggested methodology for the project implementation
Briefly, the research direction can be described as follows:
  • research of the composition of flash biomass pyrolysis bio-oils, utilization of a wide range of various physical procedures for initial bio-oil treatment intended to stabilize bio-oils and to fractionate them,
  • research of secondary cracking to 2nd-generation biofuels,
  • upgrading of pre-treated bio-oils by means of heterogeneous catalysts to 2nd-generation biofuels, using a selected hydrodeoxygenation/hydrodesulphurization (HDO/HDS) refining technology,
  • development, implementation and critical analysis of analytical methods for determination of biocomponents in fossil fuels,
  • gathering of source data for making the proposal for practical implementation.
The key point of the proposed project will be bio-oil from fast pyrolysis, which will be the subject of research and its upgrading will be developed and tested by appropriate procedures and methods. Since in the present project does not contemplate about its preparation by own forces and resources, it will be secured and contracted by import treated in sufficient quantities and appropriate quality from at least two sources.